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Cochlear Implants for Children Aged Two Years and Younger: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Last updated: December 10, 2015
Project Number: RB0944-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary of Abstracts
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of unilateral or bilateral cochlear implantation in pediatric patients, aged two years and younger, with hearing impairment, compared with unilateral or bilateral cochlear implantation in pediatric patients older than two years?
  2. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding cochlear implantation in pediatric patients aged two years and younger?

Key Message

One systematic review and eight non-randomized studies were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness of cochlear implantation in pediatric patients, aged two years and younger, with hearing impairment, compared with cochlear implantation in pediatric patients older than two years. No evidence-based guidelines were identified.