- What is the clinical effectiveness of insulin pens compared to insulin vials in acute care settings?
- What is the cost-effectiveness of insulin pens compared to insulin vials in acute care settings?
- What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of insulin pens in acute care settings?
Two systematic reviews (one with meta-analysis), four non-randomized studies, and three economic evaluations were identified regarding the clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of insulin administration via insulin pens for patients with diabetes in an acute care setting. Additionally, one evidence-based guideline was identified.