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Long and Short Duration Inpatient Treatment Programs for the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Comparative Effectiveness and Guidelines

Last updated: November 4, 2016
Project Number: RC0820-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of long- versus short-term inpatient treatment programs for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, with or without comorbid substance-related and addictive disorder?
  2. What is the comparative clinical effectiveness of inpatient versus outpatient treatment programs for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, with or without comorbid substance-related and addictive disorder?
  3. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding inpatient treatment programs for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, with or without comorbid substance-related and addictive disorder?

Key Message

Two studies did not find any statistically significant differences in the comparative clinical effectiveness of inpatient versus outpatient treatment programs for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One study did not find a difference in the clinical effectiveness of long- versus short-term inpatient treatment programs. Another study found shorter treatment programs more effective shortly after discharge, but results tended to converge over time. No evidence was found on evidence-based guidelines regarding inpatient treatment programs for PTSD.