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Point of Care Testing Technologies for Routine Clinical Chemistry Compared to Standard Laboratory Testing Methods: Clinical Effectiveness, Diagnostic Precision and Accuracy, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Last updated: September 26, 2013
Project Number: RB0611-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary of Abstracts
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of the point of care testing (POCT) technologies in emergency and critical care situations when compared to standard laboratory test methods for these same tests?
  2. What is the diagnostic accuracy and precision of the POCT technologies when compared to standard laboratory testing methods?
  3. What is the cost-effectiveness of using PCOT when compared to standard laboratory testing methods? 4. What are the guidelines associated with the use of POCT for patients in rural centers?

Key Message

Two randomized controlled trials and 25 non-randomized studies were identified regarding point of care testing (POCT) technologies versus standard laboratory test methods in emergency and critical care situations. Two of the clinical studies contained cost information. No relevant evidence-based guidelines were identified.