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Telehealth for Speech and Language Pathology: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Last updated: April 7, 2015
Project Number: RC0646-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of telehealth for the delivery of speech language pathology services to children with speech and language disorders or impairments?
  2. What is the cost-effectiveness of telehealth for the delivery of speech language pathology services to children with speech and language disorders or impairments?
  3. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of telehealth for the delivery of speech language pathology services to children with speech and language disorders or impairments?

Key Message

The evidence from two randomized controlled trials suggests that speech-language pathology treatment, delivered via videoconferencing or an in-person service model, improved children’s speech-language impairments, and there were no significant differences found between these two models. These findings must be interpreted with caution given the limitations in the evidence.