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Telemedicine for the Treatment of Urgent Conditions: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Last updated: October 7, 2015
Project Number: RC0714-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Research Type: Devices and Systems
Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of the use of telemedicine to facilitate the delivery of emergency health care?
  2. What is the cost-effectiveness of the use of telemedicine to facilitate the delivery of emergency health care?
  3. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of telemedicine to facilitate the delivery of emergency health care?

Key Message

No randomized controlled trials, cost-effectiveness analyses, or evidence-based guidelines addressing the research questions were identified. Limited evidence from non-randomized studies suggests that telemedicine may facilitate a reduction of resource use in the emergency mental health population and increase quality of care in the critically ill pediatric population.