Begin main content

Therapeutic Communities for Adults in the Correctional System: Clinical Effectiveness, Cost Effectiveness, and Guidelines

Last updated: February 14, 2019
Project Number: RB1306-000
Product Line: Rapid Response
Report Type: Summary of Abstracts
Result type: Report

Question

  1. What is the clinical effectiveness of a therapeutic community for reducing recidivism or substance abuse in adults within the correctional system?
  2. What is the cost effectiveness of a therapeutic community for reducing recidivism or substance abuse in adults within the correctional system?
  3. What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding therapeutic communities for reducing recidivism or substance abuse in adults within the correctional system?

Key Message

One health technology assessments, eleven systematic reviews (six with meta-analyses), one overview of systematic reviews with a meta-analysis, five randomized controlled trials, seven non-randomized trials, one economic evaluation, and one evidence-based guideline were identified regarding therapeutic communities for adults in the correctional system.